Simhachalam – Sri Varaha Lakshmi Narashimha Swamy temple

Simhachalam is dedicated to Lord Narasimha (the man-lion avatar), an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and his consort Mahalakshmi (Goddess Lakshmi)sri varaha lakshmi narasimha swamy varu

Location:

This temple is located in Visakhapatnam which is well connected.

  • Nearesr airport Visakhapatnam, 13.5km
  • Visakhapatnam RTC Complex – 22km
  • Visakhapatnam Railway Stations – 19km

 

 

Accommodation

Good facilities (free and paid) to pilgrims are available in natural hill station environment.

Uphill

 P.A.C Building (Free Dormitory)

  Gajapathi Sathram

At Downhill

  Narasimha Sadan

  T.T.D. Choultry

  Pushkarini Choultry

Contact Info

The Executive Officer
Sri V L N S Devasthanam
Simhachalam – 530028
Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh.

Office : 0891-2764949
Enquiry : 0891-2010452
Fax : 0891-2715435
E-mail : endow-eosvlnsd@gov.in

Web: http://simhachalamdevasthanam.net/

simhachalam-sri-lakshmi narasimhaDaily Worship hours

04:00 AM to 04:10 AM    Melkolupu(Naadaswaravadyamu)
04:10 AM to 04:30 AM    Suprabhatha Patanamu
04:30 AM to 04:45 AM    Suprabhatha Darshanamulu
04:45 AM to 05:00 AM    Antharalaya Sammarjanamu
05:00 AM to 06:30 AM    Prathararadhanamu
05:30 AM to 09:30 AM    Veda Itihasa Puranamula Parayanamu
05:30 AM to 06:30 AM    Aaradhana Ticket Darshanamu
06:30 AM to 11:30 AM    Sarvadarshanamulu
From 9:30 AM    Sri Swamy Vari Nithya Kalyanam
11:30 AM to 12:00 PM    Mahanivedanamu (Rajabhogamu) Darshanams Break
12:00 PM to 02:30 PM    Sarvadarshanamulu
02:30 PM to 03:00 PM    Madhyana Viramamu (Pavalimpu Seva) Darshanams Break
03:00 PM to 07:00 PM    Sarvadarshanamulu
05:00 PM to 08:00 PM    Veda Parayanamu
07:00 PM to 08:30 PM    Ratri Aaradhanamu
07:30 PM to 08:30 PM    Aaradhana Ticket Darshanamu
08:30 PM to 09:00 PM    Sarvadarshanamulu
After 09:00 PM    Eekanta Seva, Kavaata Bandhanamu

Poojas & Sevas

1 Ashtottara Sathanamarchana Rs. 200/-
2 Sahasranamarchana (05.00 PM – 05.45 PM) Rs. 500/-
3 Ammavaraki Ashtottara Sathanamarchana Rs. 50/-
4 Kappasthabham Aalinganam Rs. 25/-
5 Gopooja Rs. 50/-
6 Nitya Kalyanam (09.30 AM – 10.30 AM) Rs. 1000/-
7 Garuda Seva Rs. 500/-
8 Swarnapushparchana (Every Thursday at 07.00 AM – 08.00 AM) Rs. 1116/-
9 Laksha Kunkumarchana Rs. 2000/-
10 Laksha Tulasi Pooja Rs. 2000/-
11 Saswatha Laksha Kumkumarchana Rs. 20000/-
12 Saswatha Laksha Tulasi Pooja Rs. 20000/-
13 Nityapooja, Bhogakainkaryamu Rs. 10000/-
14 Saswatha Nitya Kalyanam Rs. 10000/-
15 Saswatha Garuda Seva Rs. 5000/-
16 Sahasra Deepalankarana Seva (Every Saturday at 05.30 PM – 06.30 PM) Rs. 250/-
17 Sudarsana Narasimha Yagam (Monthly once on Swathi Nakshathram day) Rs. 2500/-

Kappasthambam

Kappasthambam is a pillar in the main temple. It is believed that the wishes of those devotees who embrace the pillar with a pure mind will be fulfilled. It has an in built Santhanagopala Yantram, which is believed to be empowered to fulfill the wishes of devotees. It is believed that childless couples will get children by embracing this pillar.

Gangadhara

It is a perennial and natural spring water coming from the hills and herbal roots and the pilgrims used to take a bath with a good faith to forego their sins for curing diseases and to fulfill their desires.

Sri Simhadrinadha Nityannadana Pathakam

Nityannadanam Scheme offers free meals to the devotees.

IT Exemption: Individuals, firms, companies etc. can make donations, and they are eligible for exemption of Income Tax U/s 80(G).

Gosamrakshana
As per Hindu mythology Godanam is the most grace/virtue in the nature. There is a custom since long time in Simhachalam temple as the pilgrims used to offer native breed cows and calves to the deity to pay their vows.
Gosamrakshana Pathakam
A humble request is being made to all the Devotees to participate in the “Gosamrakshana Pathakam” and may receive blessings of the Lord.
“Save the COW – Save the World”

Temple Calendar

1 Chaitra Sudda Padyami (Ugadi) : Panchanga Sravanam, Pandirirata Vudupu Utsavam
2 Chaitra Sudda Ekadasi : Vaarshika Tirukalyana Mahotsavam
3 Vaishaka Sudda Tadiya : Akshayatrutiya, Chandana Yatra, Nijarupa Darshanam.
4 Vaishaka Sudda Chaturdasi : Vrushabha Sudda Chaturdasi, Nrusimha Jayanthi
5 Vaishaka Pournami : 2nd phase Chandana Samarpana
6 Jyesta Pournami : 3rd phase Chandana Samarpana
7 Aaashada Pournami : Last phase Chandana Samarpana, Giripradhakshina
8 Sravana Pournami : Karaala Chandanam Samarpana
9 Bhadrapada Maasam : Pavitrotsavamulu from Bhadrapada Sudda Dasami to Bhadrapada Sudda Chaturdasi
10 Vijaya Dasami : From Aashveeja Sudda Dasami, Samipooja Mahotsavam.
11 Dhanurmasam : Dhanurmasa Utsavamulu from Dhanusankramanam to Makara Sankramanam.
12 Vaikunta Ekadasi : Uttara dwara Darshanam, Dhanusudda Ekadasi
13 Bhogi : Godadevi Kalyanam
14 Kanuma : Gajendra Moksham Utsavam
15 Pushya Bahula Amavasya : Teppa Tirunalla Mahotsavam
16 Phalguna Pournami : Dolotsavam, Vasantotsavam
17 Aashada Sudda Ekadasi : Chaturmasya vratharambam, Sayanaikadasi
18 Karteeka Sudda Ekadasi : Uttdana Ekadasi, Kaisika Puranam Vinnapam
19 Vruschika Pournami : Vruschika Deeparadhanam
20 Adhayanotsavamulu (20 days) : Pagalpathu : Starting from Dhanusudda Pratipal Rapathu : Starting from Vaikunta Ekadasi
21 Bhagavadramanuja Tirunakshatram : Five days : Aarudhra Nakshatram day in Meshamasham (Naalayara Prabandam Sevakalam)
22 Nammaalvar Tirunakshatram : Five days : Vishesa Nakshatram day in Vrushabamasam (Nalayara Prabhandam Sevakalam)

Nrusimha Vanam – beautiful scenaric world.

Publications

Temples publications include

Kshetramahatyam,  temple history  and devotional books.

Also produce audio video material

Sub-Temples
At Uphill
Sri Tripuranthaka Swamy Temple Sri Sitarama Swamy vari Temple Sri Kaasi Visveswara Swamy Temple
Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple
(In the middle of steps way)
Sri Padalamma Bangaramma Temple
At Downhill
Sri Bhairava Swamy Temple Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple Sri Pyditalli Ammavari Temple (Adopted Temple)
Sri Bangaramma Ammavari Temple (Adopted Temple)
At Madhavadhara
Sri Madhava Swamy Temple Sri Venu Gopala Swamy Temple Sri Mallikharjuna Swamy Temple (Shivalayam)

Architecture

The Simhachalam temple is one of the most ancient temples, in Andhra Pradesh, situated. The place has a pleasant climate all over the year.

There may be Narasimha Temples as at Korukonda (E.G.Dist.), Agiripally and Vedadri (Krishna Dist.), Mangalagjri (Guntur Dist.) Ahobilam (kurnool Dist.) and Yadagiri gutta (Telangana). There may be Varaha Temples as we find at Tirumala. But a temple with the moola virat being a dual incarnation (Ugalavatara), a combination of the third and the fourth incarnations (avataras) named as SRI VARAHA LAKSHMI NARASIMHA SWAMY is not found elsewhere. As such it has been hailed by scholars and the general public alike for centuries together.

The works of KuchimanchiTimma Kavi (Simhachala Kshetra Mahatyam), Adidam Sura Kavi (Chatu padyalu), Gokulapati Kurmanadha kavi (Simhadri Narasimha Satakam), have much to speak about the history, tradition and glory of the temple.

The role of Sri Kantha Krishnamacharya Vachanams in establishing the temple at the supreme level is quite remarkable. He is the first to write prose lyrics in Telugu (Pradhama Andhra Vachana Kavitacharya – as praised by Tallapaka chinna Tirumalacharya) and in his time there was a thoroughfare from Simhachalam to Orugallu (Warangal), the capital of Kakateeyas and Sri Prataparudra, was the ruler at that time.

Endowments are made by kings belonging to the Chola, Chalukya, Padmanayaka, Reddi Raja, Rastrakuta, Kakateeya, Ganga and many other royal dynasties and their assistants

Festivals

UGAADHI (TELUGU NEWYEAR)
Pandhiri raata utsavam, making Sri Swamy as bridegroom.
(Chaitra Suddha Padyami)NRUSIMHA JAYANTHI
Will be Celebrated on these day Swamy vari Jayantotsavam (Vaisakha Sukla Chathurdasi). The Narasimha Jayanthi festival, which occurs on the Fourteenth day of the first half of month of ‘Vaisakha’ is celebrated as Birthday of the Lord.RADHOTSHAVAM
Held before Swamy going to marriage.KALYANOTHSAVAM
Sri Swamy vari Vaarshika Thirukalyana Mahothsavam
(From Chaitra Sudda Dasami to Chaitrasudda Pournami) (march/april).CHANDANOTHSAVAM
It is also called Nijaroopa Darshanam, Vaisakha Sudda Tadiya (Akshayaturitya) Usually comes in the month of April/May. On this day more than one lakh people will have darshan of lord Narasimha from early morning. Only on this day swamy gives darshan without chandanam layer on his body i.e., Nijaroopa Darshanam every year.VAISAKHA POURNAMI
2nd phase Chandana Samarpana. It is the one of the holy days in temple festivals.

JYESTA POURNAMI
3rd phase Chandana Samarpana at early Morning.

TEPPOTSAVAM
Will be celebrated on Pushya Bahula Amavasya. On this day ‘Utsava idols’ are taken to ‘Varaha Pushkarini’ from the temple in a palanquin. The procession that began on the Simhachalam hill at 3 p.m. reached the foothill around 4.30 p.m. People gathered in good numbers alongside the streets to have a darshan of the Lord.

KANUMA
The ‘Utsava Moorti’ of the presiding deity, Lord Sri Varaha Lakshminarasimha Swamy, was brought downhill to the temple garden for darshan. The idols of the deity were then taken to Sri Pydithalli Ammavari temple. A fair was organised by the temple administration near the temple lake. A scene depicting an episode from ‘Gajendra Moksha’ from Srimad Bhagavatam was also recreated by priests.

VYKUNTA EKADASI
Will be celebrated on Dhanusudda Ekadasi, on this day the Lord Varaha Narasimha Swamy attracted to pilgrims on vykunta dwaram.

GIRI PRADHAKSHINA
It comes on “Aashada Pournami” generally at June/July month. On this day the people walk around the Simhachalam hill which was in distance 34 kms. On the full moon day in the month of ‘Aashada’, June, the devotees of the Lord, hailing mainly from the countryside, observe a fast on this day and go around the hill over a distance of about twenty miles. They eat their dinner after completing the Pradakshina and after having ‘Darshan’ of the Lord. Those, who cannot undertake this, satisfy themselves by making 108 rounds in the temple itself.

Sthalapuranam
Legend

The local Sthala purana contains a mythical account of the foundation of the Temple which relates to the well-known story of the demon King Hiranya-Kasyapa and his son Prahlada. Hiranyakasipu and Hiranyaksha who are brothers and mighty demon lords bent upon disturbing the peace of the world.

Hiranyaksha, seized the earth and carried it to neither regions. Lord Vishnu killed him and delivered the earth from the clutches of the demon by assuming the Boar incarnation (Varaha Avatara). Hiranyakasipu wanted to avenge the death of his brother Hiranyaksha. He wanted to become immortal and hence performed austerities (tapasya) to propitiate Lord Brahma. However, Lord Brahma said that was not possible so Hiranyakasipu asked Lord Brahma to grant him a boon so that he could not be killed by either animal or a man neither in the morning nor in the night, by any weapons, neither in sky nor on the earth. Hiranyakasipu wanted the entire world to worship him. He added to his might the power of penance and began to punish the gods and sages, the devotees of Lord Vishnu.

Son of Hiranyakasipu, named Prahalada became a devotee of Vishnu even from his birth and thus brought upon himself the wrath of his father. Hiranyakasipu tried to mend the ways of his son, but when he found him to be adamant, made him undergo severe hardships. He made the elephants trample over him and set poisonous snakes against him. Prahalada, protected as he was by divine grace, stood firm Hiranyakasipu as a last resort, asked his servants to throw his son into the sea and place huge mountain over him. His servant choose to drop Prahalada in the sea near the mount Simhadri with a view to place the mountain over him. But before they could complete their act Lord Narayana rescued him by jumping over the hill and lifting up Prahalada from the sea. Simhadri is thus the place where the Lord rescued Prahalada.

The form of Varahanarasimha (Dwayavathara) was assumed by him, on the prayer of his devotee, Prahalada, who wanted to see both the incarnations of the Lord, the one by which he had already killed Hiranyakasha and the other by which he would kill Hiranyakasipu.

According to Stalapurana, Prahalada was the first person to construct a temple round the Deity. He accomplished this after his father’s death at the hands of Narasimha. But at the end of that life-cycle (Krita yuga), the temple was neglected and began to decay. Even the Deity was not taken care of and crests of earth slowly gathered round the image.

But, at the beginning of another life-cycle, the Lord once again was discovered by Emperor Pururava of the Lunar Dynasty. Pururava, with his spouse Urvasi, riding on an aerial chariot over the hills of the South, was drawn to Simhachalam by a mysterious power. He discovered the Lord on the hill lying imbedded in crests of earth. He cleared the earth around the image of the Lord. Then he was addressed by the akaasavani not to expose the image but cover it with sandal paste. It also added that the Lord should be worshipped in this form, and only once in a year, on the third day in the month of Vaisakha his nijaswarupa can be revealed. Acting under the instructions of akaasavani, king pururava applied over the image an amount of sandalwood paste which is equal to the mud he had removed, worshipped the deity, and built the temple once again around the image. The temple continued to flourish ever since.

History

The exact age of the temple is not known, but it contains an inscription, dated as far back as 1098-99 A.D. of the Chola king Kulottunga-I, who conquered the Kalinga territories, and it must thus have been a place of importance even by that period.

The Simhachalam temple still contains in inscriptions left here by Sri krishna Devaraya of Vijayanagara empire recounting his successes and relating how he and his queen presented the Lord with necklace of 991 pearls and other costly gifts.

Architecturally the temple apparently deserves high praise. The deity is kept covered with an unctuous preparation of sandal paste. Once a year i.e, on akshaya thritheeya day (3rd day of Vaisakhamasam) this sandal paste will be removed in a ceremony at the festival called Chandanayatra (Chandanotsavam) and Nija roopa darsanam of Swamy Vari will be provided to devotees. It is the most important festival in this temple.

 

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