Krishna Janmashtami (Krishnashtami, Gokulashtami, Ashtami, Rohini, Krishna Jayanti, Janmashtami, is celebration of the birth of Krishna, the 8th avatar of Lord Vishnu.
Krishna tatvam (philosophy)
Jai Sri Krishna
- Just the name itself gives happiness, feeling of love and affection.
- Krishna concept of living is simple and can be pleased easily.
- 8th avtar of Lord Vishnu and naughty in childhood and lead the mahabharata in essence.
- Gita bhodha (Geetopadesam, Giving divine order) to Arjuna to succeed in Kurukshetra war.
- Took atukulu from Kuchela and gifted wealth to him.
- Krishnastakam and Madhurashtakam are famous songs of Krishna.
- ISKCON promotes Krishna’s philosophy and teachings.
- Called by many names in everyhome – Kannayya, kisna, Govinda, Gopala, Gopika vallabha, Radha manohara, Venugopala, Krishna leela and Venna donga etc.
- Parents dress their small kids as Krishna and Radha with traditional costumes, Nemali pincham (Pea cock feathers) and Flute.
“Hare Krishna Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama Hare Hare”
- Jai Sri Krishna
- Govinda Govinda
- Gopala Gopala
- Om Namo Narayanaya
- Om Namo Lakshmi Narayanaya
- Celebrated on krishna paksha Astami (8th day) in Shravan masam (falls in August-September)
- Rasa lila – Lila ( romantic act, plays) of Krishna celebrated in Mathura and Vrindavan,
- Dahi Handi (Utti Kottadam, Uriadi) – Celebrate Krishna’s playful and mischievous acts in the form, where men climb on each other to reach & break a pot filled with curd, hanging high high.
- Nandotsav – When Nandu distributed gifts to the community to celebrate birth of Krishna.
- Krishna was the eighth son of princess Devaki and Vasudeva.
- Based on scriptural details and astrological calculations, the date of Krishna’s birth, known as Janmashtami, is 18 July 3228 BCE and he lived until 18 February 3102 BCE.
- Krishna belonged to Yadavas clan from Mathura, the capital of the Yadavas
- King Kansa, Devaki’s brother, had ascended the throne by imprisoning his father, King Ugrasena. Afraid of a prophecy that predicted his death at the hands of Devaki’s eighth son, Kansa had the couple locked in a prison cell. After Kansa killed the first six children, and Devaki’s apparent miscarriage of the seventh (which was actually a secret transfer of the infant to Rohini as Balarama), Krishna was born as 8th
- Divine voice ordered Vasudeva to take Krishna to Gokul and leave it with Nanda and Yashoda, where he could live safely, away from his Uncle Kansa.
- Vasudeva took Krishna and crossed the Yamuna to reach Gokul. he quietly kept him there and returned with Yashoda’s daughter.
- Kansa, thinking her to be Devki’s eight child, threw her in the air. But child transformed into Yogmaya and warned Kansa about his death. Then, she disappeared. Krishna grew up in Gokul with his brother, Balram. He then returned to Mathura and killed Kansa with the help of Balram.
- By fasting, worshiping Krishna and staying up until midnight
- offer prayers at mid night when Krishna is believed to have been born.
- Baby Krishna’s idols, photos are placed in swings and cradles in temples and homes.
- Mathura, Gokul and Vrindavan, attract visitors from all over India, participate in the festival celebrations.
- People in the city of Dwarka in Gujarat – celebrate the festival by visiting the Dwarkadhish temple.
- Geeta Paath (Bhagavad Gita recital), Purana Pravachana from the Bhagavata Purana are recited
- People decorate the floor with Muggulu / kollams.
- Krishnastakam, Madhurashtakam, Geetha Govindam and other devotional songs are sung in praise of Lord Krishna.
- Draw the footprints of Lord Krishna from the threshold of the house till the pooja room, which depicts the arrival of Lord Krishna into the house.
- Offerings include fruits, betel and butter, atukulu and bellam
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Jai Sri Krishna