Chiram (permanent) and jivi(lived) is amaratva, living forever . Blessings are done to youngers as “Chirianjeeva Chirianjeeva” – meaning live longer.
Immortal does not mean eternal, as all physical bodies become immaterial at the end of time, along with Brahma himself, with the destruction of the Universe.
अश्वत्थामाबलिर्व्यासोहनुमांश्च विभीषण:कृपश्चपरशुरामश्च सप्तैतेचिरंजीविन:।
Ashwathaama Balirvyaaso Hanumanshach
Vibhishanha Krupascha Parshuramascha Saptaitey Chiranjivinaha
Ashwathama, King Mahabali, Vyasa, Hanuman, Vibhishana, Kripacharya and Parashurama are the seven death-defying or imperishable personalities
- Ashwatthama, the son of Drona, a great warrior. Drona did severe penance pleased Shiva to obtain a son who possesses the same valiance as of Lord Shiva. Aswatthama and Kripa are the lone survivors still living of Mahabharat Kurukshetra War. Aswatthama was born with a gem in his forehead called Siromani which protects him of death in certain way. The rumours planned by Kirshna told by Dharmaraj about his death in the Kurukshetra War led to the death of Drona at the hands of Prince Dhrishtadyumna. He killed Upa pandavas and other Pandva leaders in night while sleeping for this Krishna cursed him to live with disease and took away Siromani and gave to Darupadi.
- Bali, also called Maha Bali (his son was Banasur), grandson of Prahlad. During the Vamana avatar, Lord Vishnu blessed him to be a Chiranjivi.
- Hanuman, served Rama and is the valiant hero of Ramayan. He stands for selflessness, courage, devotion, strength, and righteous conduct.
- Kripa, royal guru of the princes in the Mahabharata.
- Parashurama, 6th avatar of Vishnu, knowledgable about all astras, sastras and divine weapons.
- Vibhishana, brother of Ravana. Vibhishana surrendered to Rama before his battle with Ravana. Later, he was crowned king of Lanka after Ravana was killed by Rama.
- Vyasa, the sage who composed the Mahabharata. He represents erudition and wisdom. He was the son of sage Parashara and grandson of sage Vashishtha.
- Other famous Chiranjivins: Jambavan, Sage Markandeya, Devapi, Maru, Saptarishis, Kak Bhusundi(Sage living in the form of a crow), Muchukunda the son of Mandhata , Banasur(son of King Bali) by Boon of Shiva, and Udal
Hindu scripture contains a mantra about the seven immortals, in which their names are recited for luck and longevity:
अश्वत्थामा बलिव्र्यासो हनूमांश्च विभीषण:। कृप: परशुरामश्च सप्तएतै चिरजीविन:॥ सप्तैतान् संस्मरेन्नित्यं मार्कण्डेयमथाष्टमम्। जीवेद्वर्षशतं सोपि सर्वव्याधिविवर्जित।।
Reciting these 8 immortals (Ashwathama, King Bali, Ved Vyasa, Hanuman, Vibhishan, Kripacharya, Parashuram and Rishi Markandaya) one can be free of all problems and live for 100 years.