The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew nut and the cashew apple. It grows as high as 14 m (46 ft), and low as 6 m (20 ft).
Cashew is also called as Jeedimamidi kaya, pandu. kaya will give nut and pandu will give fruit/apple
The cashew nut / cashew is widely consumed. It is ready to eat nut, used in recipes, or processed into cashew cheese or cashew butter. The shell of the cashew seed yields derivatives that can be used in many applications from lubricants to paints. The cashew apple is a light reddish to yellow fruit, whose pulp can be processed into a sweet, astringent fruit drink or distilled into liquor.
Major production of cashews occurs in Vietnam, Nigeria, India, and Ivory Coast.
Caju/Kaju is Portuguese name for the cashew fruit. The generic name Anacardium from the Greek, refers to the seed outside of the fruit.
The fruit of the cashew tree is an oval or pear-shaped structure, called the cashew apple, it ripens into a yellow and/or red color. It is edible, and has a strong “sweet” smell and a sweet taste. The pulp of the cashew apple is very juicy and delicate
The true fruit of the cashew tree is a kidney shaped that grows at the end of the cashew apple.
The seed is surrounded by a double shell containing an allergenic phenolic resin, anacardic acid, which causes skin irritation. Properly roasting cashews destroys the toxin.
Portugese introducdulceeeced Cashew plant to India in Goa.
– Cashew nuts are used in Indian cuisine, for garnishing sweets or curries. Kaju barfi is popular sweet.
– In Philippines, cashew is a known product of Antipolo, eaten with suman.
– Pampanga also has a sweet dessert called turrones de casuy, which is cashew marzipan wrapped in white wafers. In Indonesia, roasted and salted cashew nut is called kacang mete or kacang mede, while the cashew apple is called jambu monyet (translates in English to monkey rose apple).
– Popular dessert in Sourht Africa, particularly in Mozambique, bolo polana is a cake prepared using powdered cashews and mashed potatoes as the main ingredients.
– In Panama, the cashew fruit is cooked with water and sugar for a prolonged time to make a sweet, brown, paste-like dessert called dulce de marañón, with maranon as a Spanish name for cashew.
– The shell of the cashew nut contains oil compounds which may cause contact dermatitis similar in severity to that of poison ivy, primarily resulting from the phenolic lipids, anacardic acid, and cardanol.
– Due to these issues, cashews are not sold in the shell to consumers.
– Cardanol is extracted from the waste shells, used in research applications in nanomaterials and biotechnology.
Gobal Cashew nut (with shell) production from top 5 countries is around 4.5 million metric tons in 2013 with Vietnam topping the list.
– 100g Cashew nut gives 553 kcal, includes 30gm carbohydrates, 44gm fat (saturated-8g, monounsaturated-24g, polyunsaturated-8g), 18g Protein and Minerals and Vitamins.
– Cashew oil is made by pressing cashew nuts, is a dark yellow in color, used for cooking or salad dressing
Cashew shell oil
• Used in developing drugs, antioxidants, fungicides, and biomaterials, folk medicine and for antitermite treatment of timber.
• Anacardic acid is also used in the chemical industry for the production of cardanol, which is used for resins, coatings, and frictional materials.
– The cashew apple, also called cashew fruit, attached to the cashew nut.
– Can be eaten fresh, cooked in curries, or fermented into vinegar, as well as an alcoholic drink. It is also used to make preserves, chutneys, jams, used to flavor drinks.
– Cashew apples have a sweet but astringent taste traced to the waxy layer on the skin that contains a chemical, urushiol, which can cause minor skin irritation to areas that have had contact with it. Boiling the fruit in salt water for five minutes or soaking it in gelatin solution also reduces the astringency.
– Alcohol: Cashew apple is used in making alcohol and beverages caled feni/fenny, urrac, bibo, gongo.
Also covered mango garden and trees of Anar, danimma, pomenganate, touchme not, and bulusu kayalu.
Sri Matre namaha – Devipuram – Sri Rajarajeswari devi peetham