Hinduism is centered around Adi Shakti (Shakti) the supreme power
Adi Shakti as supreme primordial energy and supreme being.
Adi Shakti created Trimurthi and tridevi to administer the universe
Trimūrti (3 gods) – Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the preserver), and Shiva (the destroyer).
This feminine version of the Trimurti is called Tridevi (3 goddess) Mahasarasvati – consort of Brahma, Mahalaxmi – consort of Vishnu and Mahakali – consort of Shiva
Trimurti relegated as auxiliary agents of the supreme feminine Tridevi.
Adi Shakti addresses Trimurti and delegates powers as below:
I am the owner of this universe. I am the Absolute Reality. I am dynamic in feminine form and static in masculine form. You have appeared to govern the universe through my energy. You are the masculine form of Absolute Reality, while I am the feminine form of that Reality. I am beyond form, beyond everything, and all the powers of God are contained within me. You must know that that I am the Eternal limitless energy.
She then said: BRAHMA! You will be generator of the universe; the Goddess Saraswati is your consort, my form by which I will be recognized as the goddess of wisdom and the primeval sound. Lord Brahma, this goddess will be with you when you create the universe.
She continued: Lord VISHNU!, You are the Supreme, Immortal Spirit. You are formless, yet you take form. I assign you to be the preserver of the universe. You will take a different incarnations in order to save this universe’s inhabitants. Oh Narayana! You are the Supreme of all the deities with form. You have created Lord Brahma, and Brahma will further create thirty three kind of gods and goddesses. My Great Power, goddess Mahakali, has been born from your mystic sleep. You are the Paramatman. Your consort will be goddess Shri Maha Lakshmi, my form. Lord Vishnu, this goddess will be with you when you rule/maintain the universe. When life evolves, you will take the form of Vishnu, the one who will perform the task of observing and preserving this universe.
At Last she instructed: Lord SHIVA! You are the personification of time, which is above all. You will perform the task of destroying and regenerating this universe. When you are formless absolute, time stands still. It is due to my power that you become dynamic and are capable of bringing about the destruction and regeneration of this universe. Your consort is goddess Mahakali, Mahakali is myself , my full form , where Laxmi and Saraswati are just my clone, partial form. But due to meditation, you will surpass all my forms. It is then that I will incarnate from your left half in my manifested form. This form will be my truest manifested form. Lord Shiva, she will perform the task of destroying evil and will be your consort.
When all three deities of the Trimurti incarnate into a single avatar, the avatar is known as Dattatreya.
Concept of God is complex and depends upon each individual and the tradition and philosophy followed.
Hindu religious leaders have repeatedly stressed that God is one, while God’s forms are many and the ways to communicate with him are many.
The prayer and puja of the god is a way to communicate with the Adi Shakti.
The number of auspicious qualities of God are countless, with the following six qualities being the most important:
- Jñāna (omniscience), defined as the power to know about all beings simultaneously
- Aishvarya (sovereignty) which consists in unchallenged rule over all
- Shakti (energy), or power, which is the capacity to make the impossible possible
- Bala (strength), which is the capacity to support everything by will and without any fatigue
- Vīrya (vigor), which indicates the power to retain immateriality as the supreme being in spite of being the material cause of mutable creations
- Tejas (splendor), which expresses His self-sufficiency and the capacity to overpower everything by His spiritual effulgence
Worship a deity by a believer can depend on many factors, including family tradition, regional practice, guru lineage, personal resonance and so on. There are thousands of goddess forms, many of them associated with particular temples, geographic features or even individual villages.
Goddess forms are known and worshiped throughout the Hindu world is believed to be a manifestation of one or more of these Tridevi forms.
- Adi Parashakti (Shree Bhagavathy): Para Brahman itself – the Goddess as Original, Transcendent Source of the Universe.
- Durga (Amba, Ambika): The Goddess as Mahadevi, Material Manifestation of Supreme Divinity
- Lakshmi (Sri): The Goddess of Material Fulfillment (wealth, health, fortune, love, beauty, fertility, etc.); consort of Vishnu
- Parvati (Gauri, Uma): The Goddess of Spiritual Fulfillment form of Adi-Parashakti); consort of Shiva
- Saraswati: The Goddess of Cultural Fulfillment (knowledge/education, music, arts and sciences, etc.); consort of Brahma; identified also with the Sarasvati River
- Gayatri: The Goddess as Mother of Mantras
- Ganga: The Goddess (Parvathi) as Divine River; identified with the Ganges River
- Sita: The Goddess (Lakshmi) as Rama’s (Vishnu) consort
- Radha: The Goddess (Lakshmi) as Krishna’s (Vishnu) lover
- Sati (goddess Parvati) (Dakshayani): The Goddess of Marital relations; original consort of Shiva
Vishnu and Shiva are worshiped in various names
Hinduism appears to be complex but who understands deeper why it is so will come to realize the noble purpose and divine uniqueness.
Every one worships god in his own capacity, awareness and knowledge.
One can get connected to supreme Adi Shakti by mere sincere devotion and need not chant anything unknown.
The learned sect of Hinduism, Brahman read and preserve Vedas, Vedic traditions – the pillars of Hinduism.
Religion, spirituality are built in to give one energy, confidence when in fear, uncertainty and troubles.
We need to carry on our mundane life – avoiding negative thoughts and this is where religion helps.
In my own experience – you don’t need any object, idol or ritual, process to get connected to almighty – but live morally, ethically and legally, then appeal to god with purity of mind for reflections.
- Hinduism is the religion of the majority of people in India and Nepal with significant populations worldwide.
- Unlike most other religions, Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings.
- Hinduism is ‘a way of life’ or ‘a family of religions’ rather than a single religion.
- The origins of the term ‘hindu’ are cultural, political and geographical.
- Hindus define orthodoxy as compliance with the teachings of the Vedic texts (the four Vedas and their supplements). However, still others identify their tradition with ‘Sanatana Dharma’, the eternal order of conduct that transcends any specific body of sacred literature.
- Hindus view some practices as merely a social phenomenon or an aberration of their original teachings.
- Hindus believe in concepts such as karma and Dharma which others also believe
- Hinduism originated around the Indus Valley near the River Indus.
- ~80% of the Indian population are Hindu.
- Most Hindus believe in a Supreme God, Adi Shakti whose qualities and forms are represented by the multitude of deities which emanate from him.
- Hindus believe that existence is a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma.
- Hindus believe that the soul passes through a cycle of successive lives and its next incarnation is always dependent on how the previous life was lived.
- The main Hindu texts are the Vedas and their supplements (books based on the Vedas). Veda is a Sanskrit word meaning ‘knowledge’. These scriptures do not mention the word ‘Hindu’ but many scriptures discuss dharma, which can be rendered as ‘code of conduct’, ‘law’, or ‘duty’
Follow the righteous path to attain peace and happiness.
!Sarve Janaa Sukhino Bhavanthu!