Ashtadasa Puranas (18)

Puraanam (puraaṇa or Purana) – Ancient Hindu scriptures about a wide range of topics, myths, and legends originally composed in Sanskrit and later translated into other languages.

Easy to remember sloka of all 18 puranas

18-puranas

‘Ma’ dvayam, ‘Bha’ dvayam Chaiva ‘Bra’ Trayam ‘Va’ Chatushtayam

‘A’ ‘Na’ ‘Pa’ ‘Lin’ ‘Ga’ ‘Ku’ ‘Ska’ ni puranani Pridhak Pridhak

Shortname

Puranas

‘Ma’ Dvayam (2) Matsya, Markandeya
‘Bha’ Dvayam (2) Bhagavata, Bhavishya
‘Bra’ Trayam (3) Brahma, Brahma Vaivartha, Brahmanda
‘Va’ Chatushtayam (4) Varaha, Vamana, Vayu, Vishnu
‘A’ ‘Na’ ‘Pa’ ‘Lin’ ‘Ga’ ‘Ku’ ‘Ska’ (7) Agni, Narada, Padma, Linga, Garuda, Kurma, Shanda

Puranas narrate: Universe creation, cosmology, genealogies of gods, goddesses, Devatas, Asuras, Rishis, Munis, Sages, Kings, Heroes, Demigods, Moral tales, Folk tales, Ayurveda, Astronomy and philosophy.biographies, myths, geography, medicine, astronomy, Hindu temples, pilgrimages, rites of passage, charity, ethics, duties, rights, dharma, divine intervention in cosmic and human affairs, love stories, festivals, theosophy and philosophy, bhakti, god’s grace, boons, revenges, protection, devotion

18 Maha Puranas have over 400,000 verses.  Original Puranic verse count is more than 10 million but not all available to us

Naimisharanya was a wonderful forest place with full of trees full, pleasant climate, flowers, fruits, food, animals, birds and sages lived thee happily. Sages regularly assemble, meditate, perform Yagnas and rituals.

Once sages asked Romaharshana (also called Lomaharshana) to narrate the Puranas.

Romaharshana replied, I will tell what I learnt from my guru which were told by Brahma to Daksha and other sages many years ago. That’s how all the puranas are narrated by him.

Puranic Facts:

  • Vyasa (Krishnadwaipayana, an Avatar of Vishnu), is the compiler of the Puranas.
  • They existed in an oral form before being written down.
  • The Puranas are called Smritis (remembered and told). Puranas have survived over time are anonymous texts and likely the work of many authors over the centuries
  • Influence acculturation and accommodation of a diversity of people across different kingdoms and traditions.
  • The religious practices included in Puranas are considered Vaidika (as per Vedic literature)
  • Influences Indian classical arts, such as songs, dance culture, plays and recitations.
  • Influences Rituals and celebrations of major Hindu cultural festivities such as Holi, Diwali, Durga Puja, Krishna Janmastami, etc.
  • The Skanda Purana is the largest one with 81,000 verses, named after deity Skanda, the son of Shiva and Uma, and brother of deity Ganesha. Next largest one being Padma purana with 55,000 verses.
  • The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad refers to purana as the “fifth Veda”, itihāsapurāṇaṃ pañcamaṃ vedānāṃ, reflecting the early religious importance of these facts.

Mahapuranas (Ashtadasa or 18) – Maha meaning great and these are well known

# Purana Verses count
1 Agni 15,400
2 Bhagavata 18,000
3 Brahma 10,000
4 Brahmanda 12,000
5 Brahmavaivarta 17,000
6 Garuda 19,000
7 Kurma 17,000
8 Linga 11,000
9 Markandeya 9,000
10 Matsya 14,000
11 Narada 25,000
12 Padma 55,000
13 Shiva 24,000
14 Skanda 81,100
15 Vamana 10,000
16 Varaha 24,000
17 Vayu 24,000
18 Vishnu 23,000

Puranas classified based on Trimurti:

Deity / Guna

Purana

Vishnu / Sattva (“truth”) Vishnu, Narada, Bhagavata, Garuda, Padma and Varaha
Shiva / Tamas (“ignorance”) Shiva, Linga, Matsya, Kurma, Skanda and Agni
Brahma / Rajas (“passion”) Brahma, Brahmanda, Brahma Vaivarta, Markandeya, Bhavishya, Vamana

Upapuranas (18)

Upapuranas are less well known and sometimes draw thin line on which is maha and which is upa.

Sanat-kumara, Narasimha, Brihan-naradiya, Siva-rahasya, Durvasa, Kapila, Vamana, Bhargava, Varuna, Kalika, Samba, Nandi, Surya, Parasara, Vasishtha, Devi-Bhagavata, Ganesha, Mudgala (devoted to Ganesh), and Hamsa,

Pancha Lakshana (5 characteristics or topics covered) of Puranas

  1. Sarga: cosmogony
  2. Pratisarga: cosmogony and cosmology
  3. Vamsa: genealogy of the gods, sages and kings[71]
  4. Manvantara: cosmic cycles, history of the world during the time of one patriarch
  5. Vamsanucharitam: legends during the times of various kings.

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