Hanumān – Rama bhakt (devotee)
Mantra: “Jai Sriram”, “Jai Hanuman ki”, Hanuman Chalisa
Some of the Hanuman Hanuman Chalisa, Bajranga Baan, Maruti Strotam, Anjaneya Dandakam , Vadvanal Strotam, Hanuman Sathhika, Hanuman Bahuk, Hanuman Dwadesha, Bhimrupi Strotam, Sundara Kanda, Maruti Gayatri Mantra, Hanumansahasranam stotra, Ek-mukhi Hanuman Raksha Kavacham, Pancha-mukhi Hanuman Raksha Kavacham and Sapta-mukhi Hanuman Raksha Kavacham, Ram Raksha Strotam.
- Ablest sentence maker.
- The knower of all Vedas and Scriptures.
- Scholar in nine schools of grammars.
- Possessing faultless speech and facial features.
- Lifelong brahmachari (celibate). Hanuman’s celibacy is the source of his strength is popular among the wrestlers in India.
Hanuman also known as Anjaneya, Mahavira, Bajrangbali, Chiranjeevi, Kapi, Vanara is a Hindu god and an incarnation of Shiva and ardent devotee of the god Rama. He is one of the central figures in the Hindu epic Ramayana.
Hanuman is one of the few persons — human or divine — who cannot be adversely affected by Shani, the astrological personification of the planet Saturn. Legend has it that Shani, a planet believed to have a highly negative influence, could not cast his malefic spell over Hanuman. As a result, people worship Hanuman to get rid of the adverse effects that Shani inflicts on people’s lives.
Hanuman and negative energies
Hanuman is worshiped also to get rid or win over demons (like daitya, danava), demi-gods (like Yaksha, kinnara, Gandharvas, Nāga-Nāginī), evil spirits (like Bhutam, Preta, Pishacha, Churela, Vetala, Brahmrakshasa) and other powerful negative energies (like Dakini, Shakini, Kakini, Kamini), which find their mention in Hinduism.
- Hanuman participated in Rama’s war against the demon king Ravana.
- He is the son of Anjana and Kesari, and is also the son of the wind-god Pawan.
- Hanuman hold Gada (mace) and shown as well muscled macho man.
- Hanuman means prominent jaw. Hanu (“jaw”) and -man (or -mant, “prominent” or “disfigured”). One legend is that Indra, the king of the gods, struck Hanuman’s jaw during his childhood.
- Weapon – Gada (mace)
- Anjaneya, Anjaniputra, Anjaneyar, Anjaneyudu (meaning “the son of Anjana”)
- Kesari Nandan (“son of Kesari”)
- Marutinandan, Pavanputra, Vaataatmaja: (the son of the wind-god Vayu; the deity who carried Hanuman to Anjana’s womb
- Bajrang Bali: The strong one (bali), who had limbs (anga) as hard as a vajra
- Manojavam: the one who is swift as mind
- Maarutatulyavegam: the one who has a speed equal to the wind God
- Jitendriyam: the one who has complete control of his senses
- Buddhimataamvarishtham, the one who is most senior among intellectuals
- Vaanarayoothamukhyam / Vaanaraanaamadheesham, the one who is the chief of vanara army.
- Shreeraamadootam, the one who is the messenger of Rama.
- Atulita Bala Dhaamam, the one who is the repository of incomparable strength.
- Hemshailaabha Deham, the one whose body resembles a golden m.
- Danujvana Krushanum, the one who is the destroyer of forces of demons.
- Gyaaninaam Agraganyam, the one who is considered foremost among knowledgeable beings.
- Sakala Guna Nidhaanam, the one who is the repository of all the virtues and good qualities.
- Raghupati Priya Bhaktam, the one who is the dearest of all devotees to Rama.
- Sankata Mochana, the one who liberates (moca) from dangers (sankata)
Birth and childhood
His mother Anjana was an apsara who was born on earth due to a curse. She was redeemed from this curse on giving birth to a son. His father Kesari was the son of Rahu, he was the King of a place named Sumeru. Anjana performed intense prayers lasting 12 long years to Shiva to get a child. Pleased with their devotion, Shiva granted them the boon they sought. Hanuman, in another interpretation, is the incarnation or reflection of Shiva himself.
Hanuman is often called the son of the deity Vayu (Wind God); several different traditions account for the Vayu’s role in Hanuman’s birth. One story mentioned in Eknath’s Bhavartha Ramayana (16th century CE) states that when Anjana was worshiping Shiva, the King Dasharatha of Ayodhya was also performing the ritual of Putrakama yagna in order to have children. As a result, he received some sacred pudding (payasam) to be shared by his three wives, leading to the births of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, and Shatrughna. By divine ordinance, a kite snatched a fragment of that pudding and dropped it while flying over the forest where Anjana was engaged in worship. Vayu, the Hindu deity of the wind, delivered the falling pudding to the outstretched hands of Anjana, who consumed it. Hanuman was born to her as a result. Another tradition says that Anjana and her husband Kesari prayed Shiva for a child. By Shiva’s direction, Vayu transferred his male energy to Anjana’s womb. Accordingly, Hanuman is identified as the son of the Vayu.
Narada, infatuated with a princess, went to his lord Vishnu, to make him look like Vishnu, so that the princess would garland him at swayamvara. He asked for hari mukh (Hari is another name of Vishnu, and mukh means face). Vishnu instead bestowed him with the face of a vanara. Unaware of this, Narada went to the princess, who burst into laughter at the sight of his ape-like face before all the king’s court. Narada, unable to bear the humiliation, cursed Vishnu, that Vishnu would one day be dependent upon a vanara. Vishnu replied that what he had done was for Narada’s own good, as he would have undermined his own powers if he were to enter matrimony. Vishnu also noted that Hari has the dual Sanskrit meaning of vanara. Upon hearing this, Narada repented for cursing his idol. But Vishnu told him not to repent as the curse would act as a boon, for it would lead to the birth of Hanuman, an avatar of Shiva, without whose help Rama (Vishnu’s avatar) could not kill Ravana.
Another story of Hanuman’s origin tries to link various stories. As per this, Hanuman is the son of Shiva and Mohini (form of Vishnu). The resulting energy was stored in sacred form. When Anjana and Kesari worshiped Shiva for a son, Shiva asked Vayu to place the energy inside Anjana’s womb. Some stories justify, this is why Hanuman was so powerful and devoted to Rama so much. This is in contrast to the story of Ayyappa and is still a point of discussion.
Hanuman meets Rama during the Rama’s 14-year exile. With his brother Lakshmana, Rama is searching for his wife Sita who had been abducted by Ravana. Their search brings them to the vicinity of the mountain Rishyamukha, where Sugriva, along with his followers and friends, are in hiding from his older brother Vali.
Hanuman brings about friendship and alliance between Rama and Sugriva; Rama helps Sugriva regain his honour and makes him king of Kishkindha. Sugriva and his vanaras, most notably Hanuman, help Rama defeat Raavana and reunite with Sita.
When Lakshmana is badly wounded during the battle against Indrajit, Hanuman is sent to fetch the Sanjivani, a powerful life-restoring herb, from Dronagiri mountain in the Himalayas, to revive him. Ravana realises that if Lakshmana dies, a distraught Rama would probably give up, and so he dispatches the sorcerer Kalanemi to intercept Hanuman. Kalanemi, in the guise of a sage, deceives Hanuman, but Hanuman uncovers his plot with the help of an apsara, whom he rescues from her accursed state as a crocodile.
Hanuman desired and Sita granted that his image would be installed at various public places, so he could listen to people chanting Rama’s name.
Immortality and Afterlife
Hanuman’s cultural impact extends beyond the epic in which his deeds are celebrated. Hanuman is widely believed to be immortal;thus, although he is a principal figure in the great epic Ramayana, he also makes an appearance in the (historically later, but equally famous) epic Mahabharata, where he meets the hero Bhima.
Similar claims can be found in other texts, such as the Vinaya Patrika by Tulsidas, with only slight variations in language. During readings of the Ramayana, a special puja and space (“asana”, or seat) are reserved for Hanuman.
A number of religious leaders have claimed to have seen Hanuman over the course of the centuries, notably Madhvacharya (13th cent. CE), Tulsidas (16th cent.), Samarth Ramdas (17th cent.), Raghavendra Swami (17th cent.) and Swami Ramdas (20th cent.).
- Lord Anjaneya decorated with flowers, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu
- 41 meters high Hanuman monument at Yerravaram, Andhra Pradesh
- Hanuman temple, Nurawa Eliya, Sri Lanka
- Jakhu temple is a famous temple at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.
- The oldest known independent Hanuman statue is the one at Khajuraho,
- Phillaur, Punjab – Sankat Mochan Shri Hanuman Mandir.
- Varanasi – Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple believed to be built by Tulsidas,
- Namakkal – Anjaneyar Temple is an 18-feet idol of Hanuman in the temple facing east,
- Sholinghur- Sri Yoga Narasimha swami temple and Sri Yoga Anjaneyar temple
- Bangalore – Ragigudda Anjaneya temple
- Nerul, Navi Mumbai – The Hanuman temple is 33 feet (10 m) tall and is installed on a pedestal of height 12 feet (4 m), bringing the total height to 45 feet (14 m).
- Naganallur, Chennai – 32 feet idol of Sri Anjaneyar
- Carapichaima in Trinidad and Tobago – An 85-foot (26 m) Karya Siddhi Hanuman statue was installed at, by Avadhoota Dattapeetham’s Pontiff Ganapathi Sachchidananda. It is the tallest in the Western hemisphere and second tallest in the world.
- Yerravarm, Rajahmundry – 135 feet Veera Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami is the tallest.
- Rourkela, Odisha – 75 feet – Hanuman Vatika
- Suchindram, Kanyakumari – 18 feet tall Hanuman idol.
- Mehendipur Balaji, Dausa –
- Salasar dhaam in Churu
- Vedasandur, Dindigul – Bhaktha Anjaneyar is Temple
- Coimbatore – Ashtamsa Varadha Anjaneyar Temple
- Kaviyoor, Thiruvalla – Hanuman temple in Kaviyoor Mahadevar Temple famous
- Yalagur, Bagalkot – has a temple dedicated to Hanuman.
- Shamanur, Davangere –is oted for Sri Anjaneya Swamy temple.
- Ramboda, Sri Lanka – Sri Baktha Hanuman Temple
- Chitrakoot – Hanuman Dhara Temple
Hanuman assumed Panchamukhi or five-faced form to kill Ahiravana, a powerful rakshasa black-magician and practitioner of the dark arts during the Ramayana war. Ahiravana, brother of Ravana, had taken Lord Rama and Lakshmana to netherworld as captive, and the only way to kill him was to extinguish five lamps burning in different directions, all at the same instant. Hanuman assumed His Panchamukha form and accomplished the task, thus killing the rakshasa, and freeing Rama and Lakshmana.
|Sri Hanuman (Original)||East||This face removes all blemishes of sin and confers purity of mind.|
|Narasimha||South||Removes fear of enemies and confers victory. Narasimha is the Lion-Man avatar of Lord Vishnu, who took the form to protect his devotee Prahlad from his evil father, Hiranyakashipu. Hanuman may have had this face during the burning of Lanka and fighting in the war.|
|Garuda||West||Drives away evil spells, black magic influences, negative spirits and removes all poisonous effects in one’s body. Garuda is Lord Vishnu’s vehicle, as the King of birds he knows the secrets of death and the beyond. The Garuda Purana is a Hindu text based on this knowledge.|
|Varaha||North||Wards off the troubles caused by bad influences of the planets and confers all eight types prosperity (Ashta Aishwarya). Varaha is another Lord Vishnu avatar, he took this form and dug up land, Hanuman may have had this face whilst collecting the Sanjeev mountain.|
|Hayagriva||Upwards||(Urddha Mukha) face confers knowledge, victory, good wife and progeny.|
This form of Hanuman (five faced hanuman) is described in Parashara Samhitha ( an Agama text). This form of Hanuman is very popular, and is also known as Panchamukha Anjaneya and Panchamukhi Anjaneya. (Anjaneya, which means “son of Anjana”, is another name of Hanuman). These faces show there is nothing in the world which does not come under any the influence of any of the five faces, symbolic of his all around security to all devotees. This also signifies vigilance and control over the five directions – north, south, east, west and the upward direction/zenith.
There are five ways of prayer, Naman, Smaran, Keerthanam, Yachanam and Arpanam. The five faces depict these five forms. Lord Hanuman always used to Naman, Smaran and Keerthanam of Lord Sri Rama. He totally surrendered (Arpanam) to his Master Sri Rama. He also begged (yachanam) Sri Rama to bless him the undivided love.
The weapons are a parashu, a Khanda, a chakra, a dhaalam, a gada (mace), a trishula, a kumbha, a Katar, a plate filled with blood and again a big gada.
In the Ramayana, Hanuman is said to have rescued Shani from the clutches of Ravana. In gratitude, Shani promised that those who prayed to Hanuman would be rescued from Shani’s painful effects.
According to another version of the story, Lord Shani once climbed onto Hanuman’s shoulders, indicating that he (Hanuman) was about to come under the malefic influence of the planet Saturn. Hanuman immediately assumed such a large size that Shani was caught painfully between Hanuman’s shoulders and the ceiling of the room they were in. As the pain was unbearable, Shani asked Hanuman to release him, promising that he would moderate the malefic effects of his influence on any person who prayed to Hanuman. At this point, Hanuman released Shani.
In the hymn “The Thousand Names of Hanuman” (Hanumansahasranam Stotra), Shani is one of the names of Hanuman; and in some regions of India, Hanuman is depicted sporting an iron whip like that of Shani.
Source: Valmiki Ramayana, Sundara kanda, Hanuman Chalisa, Vishnu Purana and Naradeya Purana, Wikipedia
It is traditionally claimed that Hanuman is present wherever the Ramayana is read:
यत्र यत्र रघुनाथकीर्तनं तत्र तत्र कृतमस्तकाञ्जलिम् ।
बाष्पवारिपरिपूर्णलोचनं मारुतिं नमत राक्षसान्तकम् ॥
yatra yatra raghunāthakīrtanaṃ tatra tatra kṛta mastakāñjalim ।
bāṣpavāriparipūrṇalocanaṃ mārutiṃ namata rākṣasāntakam ॥
|“||Bow down to Hanumān, who is the slayer of demons, and who is present with head bowed and eyes full of flowing tears wherever the fame of Rāma is sung.||”|
Jai Sriram – Pray hanuman and get blessed