Parvati is the hindu goddess of divine strength and power and consort of Lord Shiva
Trinity (Tridevi) – Parvati (Shakti), along with Lakshmi (goddess of wealth and prosperity) and Saraswati (goddess of knowledge and learning)
Parvati is Benevolent mother, better half of Shiva, Peace loving, puzzle solving and power of everything.
Shakti upasana – is praying Sakti with mantra tantra way which yields prosperity, goal achieving, good living, good marital life, good health and self-control.
Trimurthi and Tridevi are forms of Adi Shakti and praying all gods & goddess leads us to the blessings of supreme almighty Adi Shakti who is all powerful and secret of the universe.
Mantram: “Sri Matre Namaha”
Lalita Sahasranama contains lists of 1008 names of Parvati and some of the names are below:
- Shailaja (Daughter of the mountains)
- Adrija or Nagajaa or Shailaputri (Daughter of Mountains)
- Haimavathi (Daughter of Himavan or Himalayas)
- Girija or Girirajaputri (Daughter of king of the mountains)
- Lalita, Uma, Aparna, Sati,
- Ambika (‘dear mother’), Shakti (power), Mataji (‘revered mother’), Maheshwari (‘great goddess’), Durga (invincible), Bhairavi (‘ferocious’), Bhavani (‘fertility and birthing’), Shivaradni (‘Queen of Shiva’),
- Goddess of love and devotion, or Kamakshi;
- Goddess of Food -Annapurna
- Kali, Gauri
In Hinduism Gods are always prayed as couple symbolizing the union of male and female forms of life.
Every Goddess temple will have his consort also worshiped along with them.
Parvati / Shakti temples are always contain Lord Shiva temples in the same campus or nearby location.
Shivlinga icons are common for Parvati and Shiva often symbolized by a yoni and a linga respectively.
- In some manifestations, particularly as angry, ferocious aspects of Shakti such as Durga or Kali, she has eight or ten arms, and is astride on a tiger or lion.
- In benevolent manifestation such as Kamakshi or Meenakshi, a parrot sits near her right shoulder symbolizing cheerful love talk, seeds and fertility.
- Devi Bhagwata Purana, Parvati is the lineal progenitor of all other goddesses. She is worshiped as one with many forms and names. Her form or incarnation depends on her mood. For example:
- Durga is a demon-fighting form of Parvati, and some texts suggest Parvati took the form of Durga to kill the demon Durgamasur.
- Kali is another ferocious form of Parvati, as goddess of time and change, with mythological origins in the deity Nirriti.
- Chandi is the epithet of Durga, considered to be the power of Parvati; she is black in color and rides on a lion, slayer of the demon Mahishasura.
- Ten Mahavidyas are the ten aspects of Shakti. In tantra, all have importance and all are different aspects of Parvati.
- 52 Shakti Peethas (18 are popular) suggests all goddesses are expansions of the goddess Parvati.
- Navadurga nine forms of the goddess Parvati
- Meenakshi, goddess with eyes shaped like a fish.
- Kamakshi, goddess of love and devotion.
- Lalita, the playful Goddess of the Universe, she is a form of the Devi Parvati.
- Akhilandeshwari, found in coastal regions of India, is the goddess associated with water.
- Annapurna is the representation of all that is complete and of food.
Parvati tames Shiva with her presence. When Shiva does his violent, destructive Tandava dance, Parvati is described as calming him or complementing his violence by slow, creative steps of her own Lasya dance. In many myths, Parvati is not as much his complement as his rival, tricking, seducing, or luring him away from his ascetic practices.
She is the daughter of the mountain king Himavan and mother Mena. Parvati is the mother of Hindu deities Ganesha and Kartikeya. Some communities also believe her to be the sister of the god Vishnu and the river-goddess Ganga.
Below three forms combine the masculine and feminine energies, Shiva and Parvati, yield a vision of reconciliation, interdependence and harmony between the way of the ascetic and that of a householder.
- Ardhanarishvara ( Parvati becomes half of Lord Shiva),
- Shiva Linga (Linga as Shiva and the base panavattam as Yoni or Parvati)
The couple is often depicted in the Puranas as engaged in “dalliance” or seated on Mount Kailash, making love, cosmic dancing. Parvati’s union with Shiva symbolises the union of a male and female in “ecstasy and sexual bliss”. In art, Parvati is depicted seated on Shiva’s knee or standing beside him (together the couple is referred to as Uma-Maheshvara or Hara-Gauri) or as Annapurna (the goddess of grain) giving alms to Shiva.
Parvati is portrayed as the ideal wife, mother and householder in Indian legends. In Indian art, this vision of ideal couple is derived from Shiva and Parvati as being half of the other, represented as Ardhanarisvara. This concept is represented as an androgynous image that is half man and half woman, Siva and Parvati respectively.
In Hindu Epic the Mahabharata, she as Umā suggests that the duties of wife and mother are as follows – being of a good disposition, endued with sweet speech, sweet conduct, and sweet features. Her husband is her friend, refuge, and god. She finds happiness in physical, emotional nourishment and development of her husband and her children. Their happiness is her happiness. She is positive and cheerful even when her husband or her children are angry, she’s with them in adversity or sickness. She takes interest in worldly affairs, beyond her husband and family. She is cheerful and humble before family, friends, and relatives; helps them if she can. She welcomes guests, feeds them and encourages righteous social life. Her family life and her home is her heaven.
Parvati only as ideal wife and mother is incomplete symbolism of the power of the feminine in mythology of India. Parvati, along with other goddesses, are involved with the broad range of culturally valued goals and activities. Her connection with motherhood and female sexuality does not confine the feminine or exhaust their significance and activities in Hindu literature. She is balanced by Durga, who is strong and capable without compromising her femaleness. She manifests in every activity, from water to mountains, from arts to inspiring warriors, from agriculture to dance. Parvati’s numerous aspects, states Gross, reflects the Hindu belief that the feminine has universal range of activities, and her gender is not a limiting condition.
Pray goddess Parvati and be blessed.