Shiva Temples

Lord Shiva is one of the Trimurthis is worshipped as the destroyer of ignorance. Shiva is worshipped in the form of Linga and Shiva temples are simple in nature compared to Vishnu temples.

Shiva represents greatness in simplicity and can be easily pleased as per legends.

MANTRAM

  • “Om Namah Shivaya”
  • “Hara Hara Mahadeva, Shambho Shankara”,  “Namassivayaha”
  • “Sri Matre Namaha” (for Goddess Parvathi, Adi Shakti)

Out of all the temples Dwadasa (12) Jyotirlinga temples are considered most sacred as mentioned in Shiva Purana and important to visit.

# Jyotirlinga Location
1 Somnath Prabhas Patan, Veraval, Gujarat
2 Mallikarjuna Swamy Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh
3 Mahakaleshwar Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
4 Omkareshwar Indore, Madhya Pradesh
5 Kedarnath Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
6 Bhimashankar Pune, Maharashtra
7 Kashi Vishwanath Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
8 Trimbakeshwar Trimbak, Nasik, Maharashtra
9 Vaidyanath Deogarh, jharkhand
10 Nageshwar Jamnagar, Gujrat
11 Ramanathaswamy Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
12 Grishneshwar Ellora, Maharashtra

Pancha Bootha Sthalas (Five Elemental Manifestations)

Five temples of Shiva are important, as being manifestations of him in the five prakriti elemental substances (Prithvi, Aapas, Tejas, Vayu, Aakaas)

Deity Manifestation Location
Jambukeshwar Water Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu
Arunachaleswar Fire Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu
Srimukhalingam Fire Srmukhalingam, Andhra Predesh
Kalahastheeswar Air Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh
Ekambareswar Earth Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu
Nataraja Sky Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu

Panchaaraama temples

The Pancharama Kshetras (or the Pancharamas) are five temples of Lord Shiva. The Sivalingas at these temples are made from a single Sivalinga. As per the legend, this Sivalinga was owned by the demon king Tarakasura. No one could win over him due to the power of this Sivalinga. Finally, Lord Kumaraswamy, the son of Lord Shiva broke the Sivalinga into five pieces and killed Tarakasura. The five pieces of Sivalinga fell at five different places on earth namely:

Arama Name Lord Shiva’s Name Consort Name
Amararama – Amaravathi Amaralingeswara Swamy Bala Chamundika
Draksharama -Draksharama Bhimesvara Swamy Manikyamba
Somarama – Bhimavaram Someswara Swamy Sri Rajarajeswari
Ksheerarama – Palakol Ksheera Ramalingeswara Swamy Parvati
Bhimarama – Samalkota Kumara Bhimeswara Swamy Bala Tripurasundari

Sabha temples

Lord Shiva is cosmic dancer dances with his consort and universe gets tuned as per rhythm of his dance steps. Five temples (Sabha , stage) in Tamil Nadu where Shiva believed to have perfomed dance.

Sabha / Stage – Location Temple
Pon (Gold) Sabha – Chidambaram Natarajar Temple
Velli (Silver) Sabha – Madurai Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple
Thamira (Copper) Sabha – Tirunalveli Nellaiappar Temple
Rathna (Gem) Sabha – Thiruvalangadu Sri Vadaranyeswarar Temple
Chitira (Picture) Sabha – Kutralam Kutraleeswar Temple

 Other notable temples

Andhra Pradesh

  • Srimukhalingeswara, Srikakulam
  • Kapila Theertham, Chittoor
  • Kotipalli, East Godavari
  • Mukteswaram, West Godavari
  • Kotappakonda, Guntur
  • Maha Nandi, Kurnool

Telangana

  • Mukteswara Swamy Temple, Karimnagar
  • Ramappa temple, Warangal

Assam

  • Sukreswar Temple, Guwahati
  • Sivadol, Sivasagar

Goa

  • Mangueshi Temple
  • Nagueshi Temple, Bandora
  • Ramnathi Temple, Bandora
  • Saptakoteshwar, Narve
  • Mahadev Temple, Tambdi Surla
  • Vimleshwar Temple, Rivona

Gujarat

  • Somnath, Junagadh
  • Bhavnath, Junagadh
  • Koteswar, Lakhpat

Jammu and Kashmir

  • Amarnath

Karnataka

  • Kadri Manjunath Temple, Dakshina Kannada
  • Murudeshwara, Uttara Kannada
  • Dharmasthala Manjunatha Temple, Dakshina Kannada
  • Srikanteshwara Temple, Nanjangud
  • Kotilingeshwara, Kolar
  • Gokarna, Uttara Kannada

Kerala

  • Maheswaram Temple, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Rajarajeshwara Temple, Taliparamba
  • Vadakkunnathan Temple, Thrissur
  • Mahadeva Temple, Vaikom
  • Vadakkeshwaram Temple, Kottiyoor
  • Mahadevar Temple, Ettumanoor
  • Siva Temple, Poonkunnam
  • Bhavaneeswara Temple, Palluruthy
  • Shiva Temple, Ernakulam
  • Mahadeva Temple, Chengannur

Madhya Pradesh

  • Bhojeshwar Temple, Bhojpur
  • Kal Bhairav temple, Ujjain
  • Pashupatinath temple, Mandsaur

Maharashtra

  • Kailash Temple, Ellora
  • Elephanta Caves, Mumbai
  • Walkeshwar Temple, Mumbai
  • Babulnath, Mumbai

Odisha

  • The Leaning Temple of Huma, Sambalpur – Only leaning temple in the world.
  • Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneswar
  • Kapilash Temple, Dhenkanal
  • Mukteswar Temple, Bhubaneswar
  • Parsurameswar Temple, Bhubaneswar
  • Akhandalamani Temple, Bhadrak
  • Chandaneswar, Balasore
  • Dhabaleswar, Cuttack
  • Gupteswar Cave temple, Jeypore

Sikkim

  • Kirateshwar Mahadev Temple, Legship – on the banks of river of Rangeet

Tamil Nadu

  • Airavatesvara Temple, Darasuram
  • Amarapaneeswarar Temple, Pariyur
  • Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur
  • Sangameswarar Temple, Bhavani
  • Perur Pateeswarar Temple, Coimbatore
  • Kapaleeshwarar Temple, Chennai
  • Ardhanareeswarar temple, Tiruchengode

Uttarakhand

  • Daksheswara Mahadev Temple, Kankhal
  • Rudreshwar Mahadev Temple
  • Baleshwar Temple, Champawat
  • Baijnath, Uttarakhand
  • Jageshwar, Almora
  • Gopinath Mandir, Chamoli Gopeshwar
  • Neelkanth Mahadev Temple, near Rishikesh
  • Panch Kedar
  • Kedarnath Temple, Kedarnath
  • Tungnath, Chamoli district
  • Rudranath
  • Madhyamaheshwar
  • Kalpeshwar

Uttar Pradesh

  • Lodheshwar Mahadev Mandir, Barabanki
  • Waneshwar Mahadev Temple, Kanpur

West Bengal

  • Tarakeswar

 

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