Deoghar – Baidyanath Jyotirling
Baidyanath temple, also known as Baba Baidyanath dham and Baidyanath dham is one of the12 Jyotirlingas, the most sacred abodes of Shiva. It is located in Deoghar in the Santhal Parganas , Jharkhand.
- It is a temple complex consisting of the main temple of Baba Baidyanath, where the Jyotirlinga is installed, and 21 other temples.
- The lingam is of a cylindrical forming about 5 inches in diameter and projects about 4 inches from the center of a large slab of basalt. It is not possible to ascertain how much of the lingam is buried. The top is broken and has uneven surface.
- There are bells fixed in the ceiling and pilgrims are supposed to pull the bell ropes to announce their approach to the divinity.
- To the east of the northern verandah of the temple there is a large masonry vat into which flows the water and milk offered to the lingam. The liquid in it is essentially a mix of milk, sandal paste and washing of flowers, which impart to it a fragrant smell and is treated as highly sacred.
According to Hindu beliefs, the demon king Ravana worshipped Shiva at the current site of the temple to get the boons that he later used to wreak havoc in the world. Ravana offered his ten heads one after another to Shiva as a sacrifice. Pleased with this, Shiva descended to cure Ravana who was injured. As he acted as a doctor, he is referred to as Vaidhya (“doctor”). From this aspect of Shiva, the temple derives its name.
There are three temples claiming their shrines as ‘real’ jyotirlinga of Vaidyanath are
- Vaijnath temple at Parli, Maharashtra (Mentioned in below Jyotirlinga Slokam)
- Baidyanath temple at Deoghar, Jharkhand,
- Baijnath temple at Baijnath, Himachal Pradesh.
Dwadasa Jyotirlinga Slokam
Saurashtre Somanathamcha Srisaile Mallikarjunam|
Ujjayinya Mahakalam Omkaramamaleswaram ||
Paralyam Vaidyanathancha Dakinyam Bheema Shankaram |
Setu Bandhethu Ramesam, Nagesam Darukavane||
Varanasyantu Vishwesam Tryambakam Gautameethate|
Himalayetu Kedaaram, Ghrishnesamcha shivaalaye||
Etani jyotirlingani, Saayam Praatah Patennarah|
Sapta Janma Kritam pApam, Smaranena Vinashyati||