Tirumala – Sri Venkateswara swamy and his consorts Padmavati and Alivelumanga
Lord Sri Venkateswara, also known as Srinivasa, Balaji, and Veṅkaṭachalapati, Srihari
Tirumala is accredited as being the most visited temple in India and also in the world as a whole. Located on the picturesque Seshachalam Hill Ranges, this temple occupies a unique place in our great land of holy shrines.
The legends taken from the Venkatachala Mahatmya and the Varaha Purana, pertaining to the manifestation of the Lord at Tirumala, are of particular interest.
- “Om Namo Venkatesaya”
- “Om Srinivasaya”
- “Om Sri Lakshmi narayanaya”
Management: Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD)
TTD is a conglomeration of temples, brought under the First Schedule 2 of the Act 30 of 1987. The Board of Trustees is constituted by members appointed by the AP government.
TTD maintains 12 temples and their sub-shrines, and employs about 14,000 persons.
|Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams
TTD Administrative Building
K.T. Road Tirupati 517 501
Andhra Pradesh India.
|Phone Numbers for call Centre (24/7)
Toll Free no.18004254141
|Working Hours – Administrative Office
10:00 – 17:00 hrs,
Monday to Saturday. Sunday is a holiday.
|Working Hours – Temples & Choultries
Round the clock, throughout the year.
How to reach
The sacred temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara Swamy in Tirumala hills is easily accessible by all modes of transport. After reaching Tirupati, one can easily travel to Tirumala by road or on foot.
- Buses and other transport are banned on ghat road from Tirupati to Tirumala between 12 AM and 3 AM.
- Tirumala has direct bus services from Tirupati with a frequency of a bus in every 2 minutes.
- The nearest airport to Tirumala is near Renigunta about 15 km from Tirupati.
- The nearest railway station is in Tirupati, which is about 26 km from Tirumala.
Many devotees climb the hills to Tirumala on foot to fulfil a vow. There are two well-laid stone footpaths leading to Tirumala. These paths are called sopanamargas. The most ancient of the two sopanamargas starts from Alipiri at the foot of the hills. This footpath is 11 km in length and is the commonly used route. The other sopanamarga (Srivari mettu) starts from Chandragiri and is only about 6 km in length.
TTD provides and maintains rest houses, security, canteen, toilets, drinking water, medical help, piped devotional music throughout the footpaths. TTD also provides luggage transfer facility, free of cost for the devotees opting to climb the hills on foot to Tirumala.
Pilgrims wait for their turn to catch the glimpse of Lord in the compartments of Vaikuntham Queue Complex II. Around 70,000 pilgrims visit the temple every day,
Special Entry Darshan (Seeghra Darshan):
Provide quick Darshan to the Pilgrims. The cost of the Ticket is Rs.300/- per pilgrim with two Laddus free of cost and booking is open round the clock.
Divya Darshan: The pilgrims who trek Alipiri and Srivari Mettu footpath routes to reach Tirumala come under this category.
Special Darshan for Physically Disabled & Aged:
The pilgrims falling under this category will be allowed in two different slots at 10am and 3.00pm everyday on showing the age proof id-cards / relevant medical certificates and shall report 2 hours before the respective time slot.
Arjitham means Darshan or Seva to the Lord on payment of a fee as fixed by the Temple Management.
Admission to any particular seva on payment of a fee is known as “Amantranotsavam”.
The tickets for all the arjita sevas and festivals are sold in one month advance for the benefit of the devotees to make their visit and participate in the holy event in the Srivari Temple.
On any day the arjitha sevas that are performed to the presiding deity of Lord Venkateswara commences with Suprabatham, followed by Thomala , Archana and finally concludes with the Ekanthaseva (not open to pilgrims). However after archana some arjitha sevas are also performed to the processional deity of Lord Venkateswara, also popularly known as “Malayappa Swamy” includes, Kalyanotsavam, Arjita Brahmotsavam, Dolotsavam, Vasantotsavam and Sahasra Deepalankara seva.
During the week days, each day has a specific ritual of worship which has a religious significance. Such sevas are called Weekly Sevas.
Vishesha Puja (Monday)
Ashtadala Pada Padmaradhana (Tuesday)
Sahasra Kalasabhishekam (Wednesday)
Tiruppavada Seva (Thursday)
Abhishekam-Vastralankara Seva-Nija Pada Darshanam (Friday)
The periodical sevas are the annual events of religious significance performed in Tirumala following the importance of particular asterism.
Teppotsavam or float festival 5 days a Year (March)
Vasanthotsavam 3 days a year (March or April)
Padmavathi Parinayam 3 days a year (May)
Abhideyaka Abhishekam 3 days a year (June-Annual)
Pushpa Pallaki (July)
Pushpa Yagam (November)
Koil Alwar Thirumanjanam (4 times in a year)
Pavithrotsavams – 3 days a year (August)
Accommodation at Tirumala
There are several large choultries with free rooms for families to stay in reasonable comfort. Electricity and water are provided free of charge. For free accommodation, pilgrims may contact the Central Reception Office, near the bus stand in Tirumala. Pilgrims can also rest in Dormitory Halls provided by TTD.
Also below guest houses available at reasonable rates.
> Sri Padmavathi Guest House area – Tirumala
> Sri Venkateswara Guest House area – Tirumala
> Varahaswami Guest House, Rambagicha, HUDC, Travellers Bungalows Cottages Area
> Marriage Halls and Cottages
Booking for all SEvas, Accommodation, Donations, eHUndi
Bhakti Channel: http://svbc.tirumala.org/
TWIN BRAMHOTSAVAMS TO ENTHRALL PILGRIMS
Every day is a festival day in Tirumala and the Lord of Riches, Universal Lord Sri Venkateswara enjoys over 450 festivals in a year which includes daily, weekly, fortnightly, monthly, yearly festivals. Of them, the annual Bramhotsavams are considered most important as they are believed to have initiated by none other than Lord Brahma, the creator Himself. This year being Adhika Masam as per Hindu Almanac, two Bramhotsavams are in line with the salakatla Bramhotsavams scheduled for September 16-24 and Navarathri Bramhotsavms from October 14-22, giving double delight to millions of devotees.
Accommodation is available at Tirupathi also managed by TTD and plenty of private hotels/guest houses.
Sri Venkateswara Dhyana Jnana Mandiram,Tirumala (SV Museum)
S.V. Museum is situated in a sprawling building with an area of 1.25 lakh sq.ft opposite to Vaikuntham Queue Complex in kaleidoscopic environ of Tirumala surrounded by beautiful gardens and it is a rejoicing place for visiting pilgrims. This museum is an epitome of Traditions of Tirumala, Vaishnavism and Hindu culture. It houses more than 6000 items of historical interest ranging in date from very early period to the present. The collections are spread over ten sections ranging from archaeology to contemporary items.
Free meals is provided by TTD
Free Tonsuring is provided by TTD for those who offer their hair as mokkubadi (promise).
|One of the principle mottos of TTD is to spread Hindu Sanatana Dharma and Sri Venkateswara Bhakti cult through free distribution of TTD publications and also to market those publications by conducting book exhibitions, whenever required.
At present there are about 4000 titles in Telugu and in other languages. TTD’s publications wing also carries out the sale of 6 lakh Diaries and 20 lakh Calendars of TTD apart from various other publications, across the country.
The prestigious TTD religious publications-Bhagavatham and Maha Bharatam are also being sold at a subsidised rate, in view of the huge public demand. To inculcate moral values among school going children-“Balabharathi” series of publications is also marketed at nominal prices.
TTD also provides books worth Rs.15000, free of cost to the libraries which approach TTD to display its publications.
To enhance the spiritual ambience among the devotees thronging to Tirumala to get the darshan of Lord Sri Venkateswara Swamy, TTD has introduced traditional dress code in 2013. Initially it was implemented for the pilgrims who are taking part in Arjitha Sevas and now it has been extended to VIP pilgrims seeking break darshan of Lord Sri Venkateshwara Swamy, and general pilgrims who go for Rs.300 and Rs.50 darshan.
For women the preferred dress code is saree or half-saree with blouse or churidar with pyjama and upper cloth
Do’s and Don’ts in Tirumala
Suggestions in the form of ‘Dos and Don’ts’ are displayed at various places in Tirupati and Tirumala for the information of multitude of visiting pilgrims to the twin pilgrim centres.
- Do’s in Tirumala are as follows:Pay obeisance to your Ishta Daivam or Kula Daivam before you start for Tirumala pilgrimage.Book your travel and accommodation in Tirumala well in advance.Bathe in the Swami Pushkarini and worship Sri Bhu Varaha Swamy in his temple before you go to worship Lord Sri Venkateshwara Swamy.Bathe and wear clean clothes before you enter the sanctum shrine of Lord Sri Venkateswara Swamy.
Concentrate on Lord Sri Venkateswara Swamy inside the temple.
Observe absolute silence and chant “Om Namo Sri Venkatesaya”, inside the temple.
Bathe in the Papavinasanam and Akasha Ganga tirthams in Tirumala.
Respect ancient customs and usages while at Tirumala.
Respect and promote religious sentiments among co-pilgrims.
Deposit your offerings only in the Hundi.
Wear a tilak in accordance with your religious affiliation.
Follow the procedures of the temple and wait for your turn for the darshan of the Lord.
- Don’ts in Tirumala are as follows:Come to Tirumala for any purpose other than worshipping the Lord.Carry much jewellery and cash with you.Wear footwear in and around the premises of the temple.Approach touts for accommodation and darshan.
Prostrate (sastanga danda pranamam) inside the temple.
Throw away the prasadam and teertham given to you at the temple.
Eat non-vegetarian food or consume liquor or other intoxicants and smoke while in Tirumala.
Wear any head guards such as helmets, caps, turbans and hats inside the temple premises.
Commit any act of violence or harshness in the temple premises.
Rush in for darshan instead of waiting for your turn in the queue.
Enter the temple; if according to custom or usage, you are prohibited to enter.
Wear flowers at Tirumala temple, as all flowers of the sacred Seven Hills are for the Lord only.
Spit or be a nuisance inside the temple premises.
Carry weapons while entering into the temple.
Frequently Asked questions (FAQ)
|How can I donate to the various endowment schemes introduced by TTD?|
|If you would like to donate towards any of the TTD schemes in particular, or towards TTD’s social services activities in general, you can send your donation through International Money Order/Demand Draft favouring the Executive Officer, TTD, and payable at Tirupati. The International Money Order/Demand Draft can be sent to:|
|The Executive Officer,
Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams,
Tirupati 517 501,
For other details kindly contact Dy.Exe.Officer(Donor Cell), TTD ,Tirumala. Ph: 0877 2263472 , 2263727
For donations through online please visit : www.ttdsevaonline.com
|How can I subscribe to the monthly TTD publication, Sapthagiri?|
|You can send in your request for subscription to Sapthagiri, for a minimum period of one year to life time. One year subscription Rs. 60/- and Life time subscription Rs. 500/-. Magazine will be published in 5 languages i.e., Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Hindi and English.|
|The Chief Editor,
Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams,
Tirupati 517 501,
Phone No: +91-0877-2264543
For online subscription please visit : www.ttdsevaonline.com
|Can I reserve accommodation and buy seva tickets through this site?|
|The facility of online reservation of accommodation and seva tickets please visit www.ttdsevaonline.com. You can reserve Special Entry/Accommodation tickets 60 days from Quota availability.Seva quota will be released first Friday of every month and Piligrim can book seva tickets after 180 days of booking date.|
- The temple complex is spread over 16.2 acres of land.
- Richest temple in India and the world
- Daily visitors around 70k.
- The Chola king was reborn as Akasa Raja had no children much to his displeasure. As part of the yaga, he was ploughing the fields, he found a baby in a lotus flower and named her Alarmel mangai (Lady born in Lotus petals) and adopted her as his daughter.
- Lord Vishnu reincarnated as Srinivasa as the son of an elderly woman-saint Vakula Malika Devi.
- Vakula Devi was Yasoda in her previous birth, Lord Krishna’s foster-mother and was unhappy in that life for not seeing his marriage. As per the boon received from Krishna, she was reborn as Vakula Devi and enjoyed the rare spectacle of witnessing the celestial wedding of the divine couple.
- Lord Srinivasa called for a conference of the Gods to declare his marriage with Princess Padmavati.
- Lord also obtained a huge loan from Kubera, the god of wealth, towards meeting the expenses for the divine and grand wedding matching his stature as the supreme lord of the universe.
- Lord’s desire to be on the holy seven hills for the emancipation of the mankind from the perpetual trials and tribulations of Kali Yuga. Goddess Lakshmi stayed with him on the left side of his chest while Goddess Padmavati rested on the right side of his chest eternally
- Vakula devi approached Akasa Raja with the marriage proposal of marriage between Lord Srinivasa and Padmavathi. Akasa raja agreed and his advisor Bhrihaspati wrote the invitation for the wedding between the two celestial beings of Srinivasa and Padmavathi.
SHANKHANIDHI – PADMANIDHI: Installed at entrance of the temple, these are the two angels guarding the wealth and treasure of Lord Sri Venkateswara.
KRISHNADEVARAYALA MANDAPAM: Installed statues of Sri Krishnadevarayalu and his two consorts, Tirumala Devi and Chinnadevi.
All couples begetting children with the blessings of the Lord, offer money in the form of coins, silver, candy and camphor equivalent to the weight of their children, as avowed by them. Even the patients, who are cured of their diseases, express their gratitude similarly. This Tulabharam is arranged in front of the Ranganayakalu Mandapam.
Dwajasthambham, -the golden flagstaff is located in the middle of a twenty-pillared square pavilion. To the east of the flagstaff there is an altar and to the northeast, there is granite stone called ‘Kshetrapalakasila’. This pavilion is said to have been constructed in the fifteenth century.
During Brahmotsavams, a flag with Garuda’s imprint is hoisted on this flagstaff for extending an invitation to gods and goddesses (Yaksha, Kinnera and Gandharva), to attend this festival. Those wishing to take pooja material or other things into the sanctum, have to perform circumambulation along dwajasthamba including the Lord whenever he is taken outside or returned to the main temple.
BALI PEETAM (ALTAR)
Adjoining the flagstaff is the Bali Peetam or altar. After offering Naivedyam to the Lord and other deities and after exiting through the silver gate, the Prasadam is kept on this altar. It is believed that this food offering is accepted by deities, the angles and the elemental forces.
KSHETRA PALAKA SILA (BIG ROUND STONE)
To the north east corner of the altar, under the flagstaff porch, there is a one and half feet high stone slab. This is called ‘Kshetrapalaka Sila’. It is said that this stone slab marched around the temple for providing security to the Shrine at night.
Priests used to keep the keys of the temple on this stone slab every night after closing the temple and collect them to open the temple in the morning, after saluting it.
On entering the precincts of the temple, one first encounters the circumambulation passage called ‘Sampangi Pradakshinam’. The grand circumambulation passage outside the temple is not considered for this purpose. Therefore ‘Sampangi Pradakshinam’ is considered to be the primary one. Earlier Sampangi flower plants (gold flowers, Michelia Champaka) were grown in this pathway for decorating the Lord and hence, the name.
The temple kitchen is located in the route of Sampangi Pradakshinam. This kitchen is referred to as ‘Padi potu’. Sweets and savouries like laddoo, vada, appam, dosa, poli, sukhiya, jilebi, and so on, which are offered to the Lord are prepared here in large quantities. To the East of this kitchen is the ‘Flower Chamber’.
The flower chamber was earlier located in the ‘Sampangi Pradakshinam’. All the flowers used for the service of the Lord and other deities are supplied from this flower chamber, which is called ‘Yamunottarai’. This ‘flower chamber’ now stands shifted to ‘Vimana Pradakshinam’. Every morning and evening the Jiyyangars collect the flower garlands prepared in the flower chamber and carry them over their heads to the Lord, after circumambulating the flagstaff amidst blowing trumpets and umbrellas for shading. These flower garlands are presented to the Sanctum for performing the various rituals and poojas to the Lord.
Just opposite to the golden gate and facing the Lord there is a six feet high statue of Garuda saluting the Lord with folded hands. Every day at the pre-dawn hour, Suprabhatham is recited in the place between the golden gate and the statue of Garuda. The Lord sitting on the golden throne in this mandapam, listens to the recital of almanac and the submissions of receipt and expenditure account of the previous day.
On either side of the golden gate, there are Jaya and Vijaya, the chief guards of the Lord, holding a conch, a disc and a mace respectively. There is a ten feet high wooden grill around these statues. These two devout servants guard the sanctum sanctorum of the Lord round the clock.
BANGARU VAKILI (GOLDEN DOOR)
The most important entrance for going into the sanctum sanctorum is this golden gate. Here, the stone frame of the entrance and the porches of Jaya – Vijaya on either side are gold plated and hence this name.
At night these doors are closed methodically in a pre-conceived fashion. In the same way, they open this bolt from outside, in the morning. The pristine beauty of the Lord can be witnessed from this point.
The spot where Lord Sri Venkateswara’s self-inducted statue is located in the Sanctum Sanctorum is called Ananda Nilayam. Earlier there used to be a Pradakshina (circumambulation) passage around this Ananda Nilayam. A wall was built around this sanctum and the Vimanam in between 1244 A.D. – 1250 A.D. Over a period of time, with the construction of Ananda Nilayam, Sayana Mandapam and Lord Rama’s Mansion, this passage around the Sanctum was closed.
Malayappa Swami has a special place of pride as he is considered as the processional diety – Utsava Murthy, of Lord Sri Venkateswara. It is a great feast to the eyes to see Malayappa Swami along with his consorts, Sreedevi and Bhudevi during processions, festivals and all Sevas.
NANALA PARAKAMANI (Coins counting room)
This was gradually constructed over a period of time by the representative of Vijayanagara Empire named Chennappa in 1586 A.D. Actually, this was the place where Kalyanotsavams were performed 50 years ago. Due to pilgrim rush, this has been shifted to ‘Sampangi Pradakshinam’.
NOTLA PARAKAMANI (Counting room for paper currency)
The present location where the counting process was carried out was earlier used for several purposes. At present, this mandapam is used for counting currency notes. Transparent glasses are arranged around this place for the pilgrims to witness the process of counting.
VIMANA VENKATESWARA SWAMI
Lord Sri Venkateswara ingrained on Ananda Nilaya Vimanam is said to be as powerful and sacred as the main deity in the sanctum. Even if devotees fail to have the darshan of the Lord, they could have a glimpse of Vimana Venkateswara and derive the same benefits usually associated with the darshan of the main deity in the Sanctum.
After having the darshan of the Lord, the devotees deposit their offerings to the Lord in this Hundi. The temple complex was modified many times for creating easy passage to the devotees. But the hundi was never shifted from this place as it is believed that “Sri Chakra Yantra” (the holy instrument which invokes all riches)lies underneath the main hundi.
PLACES Around Tirumala
Some of the must visit places in Tirumala are Swami Pushkarini, Sri Bhu Varaha Swamy temple, Sri Hathiramjee Mutt, Sri Bedi Anjaneya Swamy temple, Srivari Sikhara Darshanam, Sila Thoranam, Dharmagiri, Narayangiri, Papavinasanam, Akasa Ganga water falls, Temple Museum, Asthana Mandapams and Gogarbham Gardens.
There are several teerthams in Tirumala, some of them are Pandava Teertham, Kumaradhara Teertham, Tumbhuru Teertham, Ramakrishna Teertham, Chakra Teertham, Vaikuntha Teertham, Sesha Teertham, Sitamma Teertham, Pasupu Teertham, Jupali Teertham, Sanaka Sanandana Teertham. Important festivals that are held at the teerthams are -Kumaradhara Magha Pournami, Ramakrishna Pushya Pournami Tumbhuru Phalguna Pournami, Chakra Karthika Masa – Ksheerabdhi Dwadasi.
Sri Bhu Varaha Swamy temple is located to the north of Lord Sri Venkateswara Swamy temple, on the banks of Swami Pushkarini in the sacred Seven Hills. The presiding deity is Sri Bhu Varaha Swamy, an incarnation of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu in the form of a wild boar. Sri Bhu Varaha Swamy was residing on the hills when Lord Sri Venkateswara Swamy descended onto the earth.
Visit Tirumala and be blessed